World leaders are meeting in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, for the 28th annual United Nations (UN) climate meeting, known as COP28. The summit will run from November 30 to December 12, 2023.
What is COP28?
COP28 is the annual UN climate meeting where countries discuss how to limit and prepare for future climate change. This year’s summit is focused on fast-tracking the move to clean energy sources, delivering money for climate action from richer to poorer countries, and focusing on nature and people.
Why is holding COP28 in Dubai controversial?
The UAE is one of the world’s top ten oil-producing nations. The country’s chief executive of the state-owned oil company, Sultan al-Jaber, has been appointed president of the COP28 talks. This has been criticized by some who argue that it is a conflict of interest, as the oil industry is a major contributor to climate change.
What is the goal of COP28?
The goal of COP28 is to keep alive the goal of limiting long-term global temperature rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This was agreed by nearly 200 countries in Paris in 2015.
Who is coming to COP28?
Around 200 governments have been invited to COP28. US President Joe Biden and China’s Xi Jinping are not expected to attend, but both countries will be represented. UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak will take part, and King Charles will also deliver an opening address to delegates on December 1.
Will there be an agreement on fossil fuels?
There is likely to be disagreement about the future of fossil fuels. Some countries, such as the EU, are expected to push for a full “phase out” of fossil fuels, while others, such as the UAE, are expected to call for a “phase down”.
Will richer countries pay for climate change?
The “loss and damage” fund, which was agreed at COP27, is expected to start handing out money at COP28. The fund is designed to help poorer countries that are already facing the effects of climate change. However, there is still much debate about how the fund will work and how much money will be provided.
Will COP28 make any difference?
Critics of previous COPs argue that they are not effective in achieving real change. However, supporters argue that the summits offer the potential for global agreements that go beyond national measures. For example, the 1.5 degrees Celsius warming limit, agreed in Paris at COP21, has driven “near-universal climate action”, according to the UN.
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