The Kashmir issue is vital for the foreign policy of Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir is the unfinished agenda of partition of India. Kashmir should be a part of Pakistan historically, geographically and culturally. The following are the primary reasons why Kashmir is so significant for Pakistan.
- Historical and cultural ties: Kashmir has historical and cultural significance for Pakistan. Most of the people in the region are Muslim, and Pakistan considers itself the champion of Muslim causes worldwide. Moreover, the area was a princely state during the British colonial period, and Pakistan believes it has a right to the territory based on its historical ties.
- Strategic importance: Kashmir is strategically important for Pakistan because it borders India, and the two countries have had a long-standing conflict over the region. Pakistan sees Kashmir as a buffer zone between itself and India and believes that control over the area is essential to its national security.
- Domestic politics: The issue of Kashmir is also crucial for Pakistan’s domestic politics. It is a highly emotive issue that resonates with the Pakistani public, and politicians often use it to rally support.
- International diplomacy: Pakistan has also sought to leverage the Kashmir issue in its international diplomacy. It has sought the support of the international community, particularly the Muslim countries, to resolve the issue.
- Geographical proximity: Kashmir is geographically linked to Pakistan and thus is a natural part of Pakistan. The rivers of Pakistan flow from Kashmir, providing natural linkages to the other parts of Pakistan.
Pakistan and India are at daggers drawn for the conflict of Kashmir. Pakistan regards Kashmir as the core issue between India and Pakistan. According to the UN resolutions, Pakistan has been trying to develop an international consensus over the dispute. However, India regards Kashmir as a bilateral or no issue. With the revocation of Article 370 in the constitution of India, the autonomy of Kashmir is compromised. India is holding the G-20 conference in J&K to indirectly take support from the members that J&K is the internal part of India.
The diplomacy of a country depends directly upon the national power. Then, national power specifically includes economy and political unity. Pakistan is facing the worst economic and political crisis. Therefore, its diplomatic bargaining chip is compromised. Resultantly, Pakistan is unable to pursue the international community effectively. Therefore, there is a dire need to develop the national power of Pakistan by politically solving all issues and developing a robust economy. Only a strong Pakistan can fight the case of Kashmir internationally.
لوکل گورنمنٹ کے بارے میری ریسرچ کی ویڈیو ریبلک پالیسی کے چینل پر دستیاب ہے۔