The will of the people to elect their representatives and government is essential for democracy, the rule of law and the Constitution for several reasons.
Democracy means that the people have the power to choose their leaders and hold them accountable for their actions. By electing their representatives and government, the people can express their preferences, opinions and interests and influence the policies and decisions that affect their lives. Representative democracy is a form of government in which the people elect officials to create laws and policies on their behalf. Nearly 60 per cent of the world’s countries employ a form of government based on representative democracy, including the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The rule of law means that everyone is equal before the law and that the law is applied fairly and impartially. By electing their representatives and government, the people can ensure that the laws reflect their values and needs and that the government respects and protects their rights and freedoms. The powers of the elected representatives are defined by a constitution that establishes the basic laws, principles, and framework of the government. An independent judiciary body may have the power to declare laws enacted by the representatives to be unconstitutional.
Constitution means that the fundamental rules and principles of a country are written down and agreed upon by the people. By electing their representatives and government, the people can participate in the process of drafting, amending and ratifying the Constitution and ensure that it reflects their aspirations and identity. The Constitution may provide for some forms of limited direct democracy, such as recall elections and ballot initiative elections. Elected representatives may also have the power to select other government leaders, such as a prime minister or president.
Hence, the will of the people to elect their representatives and government is essential for democracy, the rule of law and the Constitution because it enables the people to exercise their sovereignty, express their voice, and protect their rights. Therefore, it is critical that Pakistan’s government be directed fairly by the will of the people.
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